网络开放资源挑战教育系统和昂贵课本

日期:2021-01-15 00:55:02 | 人气: 73542

网络开放资源挑战教育系统和昂贵课本 本文摘要:意大利支持由全国800名教师组成的网络,协助编写教科书。thiswillsupport38communitycollegesastheydeveloptwo-yeardegreeprogrammesusingoeer教育的组织“38所社区大学反对利用“对外开放教育资源”发展两年学位课程。

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studentsaroundtheworldreturningtouniversitythisweekare,whether or not they know it, livingdisruptersoftheglobalmarketineducation.giventhattuitionfeesvarywidelybetweencollegesandcountries,manyarelookingook大学和国家agrowingnumberofamericanstudents,for example,are trying their luck at British,Canadian,French, germanandaustralia butthereisonecorneroftheeducationmarketthatisprovinghardertodisrupt .但事实证明,一个教育市场没有政治宣传。regardlessoffeeschargedbytheuniversity是allstudentsfacehighandrisingbookbills.for 75 percentofthoseenrolledattheuniversityofsof thecostoftextbooksexceedtheirfamily’smonthlyincome .不管大学支付的学费如何,所有学生都面临着高额大幅下跌的教科书费用。圣保罗大学(University of So Paulo )所有学生中,75%的学生教科书费用达到家庭月收入。intheustheretailpricesforrecenteditionsoffundamentalsofcorporatefinance, modernphysicsandprinciplesofmicroeconomics是textbooksthatarerequiredforbigintroductorycourses, run to hundreds of dollars .在美国,大基础课程所需的新教科书3354 (《公司财务基础》,《现代物理学》,0103034等) textbookpricesintheusincreased 82 percent bets theyareoftencoupledwithexpensiveaccesscodesswithoutwhichstudentscannotcompleteandsubmitcoursework.thesecodesoftencomewithexpens atwhichpointstudents’accesstotheirmaterialsiscutoff.thepotentialforresellingiseliminated.2003年到2013年,美国数字版也不便宜他这些密码往往有截止日期,过了截止日期,学生就失去了采访这些资料的权限。

销售的可能性早就避免了。But,as in so many other industries, adifferentkindofdigitaldisruptionisontheway.themassachusettsinstituteoftechnologyledthewayin 2001 byputtingalmostallitscourss att 2001年,麻省理工学院(MIT )率先将所有的课程资料免费上传到网上。in 2002 unescoconvenedaglobalforumthatlaunchedtheopeneducationalresourcesmovement.2002年,教科文组织举办并推出了世界论坛。This programme includes textbooks,course materials,online modules, videosandassessmentsthatsupportteachingandlearning . itmeansthattheresourcescarryanopencopyrightlicence,givingstaffandstudents 此外,这些资源拥有对外开放的版权许可,意味着员工和学生可以变更、再利用和共享权利。

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usingopenlylicensedcontentalsomeansthatstaffcanlegallymodifymaterialinordertotailorinstructiontomeettheneedsoftheirstudents . the Paris-basedoecdpublishedareportlastyear是reviewingadecadeofoerusearoundtheworldandmakingrecommendationsforgovernmentsseeke thereporthighlightedinitiativesincanada,India, ghanaandsouthafrica.severaleuropeangovernmentshavebeenfocusingontheccc italyissponsoringthecollaborativecreationoftextbooksbyan 一些欧洲政府仍然关注课程资料的成本会带来学生的支出。意大利支持由全国800名教师组成的网络,协助编写教科书。

In the US,Achieving the Dream,the education organisation, thisyearannounceda $ 10 moer initiative.thiswillsupport 38 communitycollegesastheydeveloptwo-yeardegreeprogrammesusingoeer教育的组织“ 38所社区大学反对利用“对外开放教育资源”发展两年学位课程。awarenessofoerwilltaketimetospreadamongfacultymembers.only 10 percentofthestaffteachinglargeundergraduatecourseshaveadoptedoof aa ybabsonsurveyresearchgroup, 根据although 31 percentreportedthattheyareopentousingopenresourcesinthefuturre babson survey research group最近的报告,教授大型本科课程的教职员的oerappliesmorereadilytointroductorycoursescoveringawideareainwhichitispossibletoidentifyanagreedbodyofknowledgeandsetofskills t r .《对外开放教育资源》仅限于基础课程,这些课程包括普遍的领域,需要确认普遍认为的科学知识体系和学生必须控制的技能。higherlevelcoursesrelymoreonbooksandarticlesthatexpressaparticularauthor’sopinion, analysis and personal research .更高级的课程aswithallintellectualpropertyrights, societymustdebatehowtocreateincentivesfortheproductionofknowledgewhilealsomaximisingitsdissemination.moreover, “free”goodsofanyqualitydonotcreatethemselves.WikiPediadePePendsonvolunteersbutalsoondonationsthatfundapaidstaff .全部还有什么质量维基百科依赖志愿者,依赖捐款支付员工工资。

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虽说是Still、thestoryofoerisacautionarytale.afewbestsellershavebecomebighitswhileeveryoneelsellsfarfewerproducts . 少数最畅销的资源很受欢迎,但其他人销售的产品相当少。butthedigitalworldalsoprovidesmyriadwaysforpeopleandinstitutionsonthelosingendofthewinner-take-allequationtostrikeback governmentshavediscoveredthepowerofprotestsfuelledbysocialmedia; themusicandmediaindustrieshavehadtodevelopnewbusinessmodelsbasedonfreecontentandsharing.softwarecompanieshaveendeduppaying cens thecrowdsourcedfreeoperatingsystem .政府找到了社交媒体促销抗议的力量。音乐媒体产业必须根据免费内容和共享开发新的商业模式。软件公司最后向云外包免费的操作系统Linux支付许可费。

highwallsandhighpricesareaninvitationfordigitaldisrupterstofindnewwaystocompete .高墙和高价格用于促使数字观众寻找新的竞争方式。


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